**Update 9/May/2017**: With Keras v2, the image_dim_ordering parameter has been renamed to image_data_format. Check my

**updated post**on how to configure it.

If you remember my earlier post about

**, you would have seen that we switched the**

*switching Keras between TensorFlow and Theano backends***image_dim_ordering**parameter also when switching the backend. For

**TensorFlow**, image_dim_ordering should be

**"tf"**, while for

**Theano**, it should be

**"th".**

So, what is this parameter, and where does it affect?

It has to do with how each of the backends treat the data dimensions when working with multi-dimensional convolution layers (such as Convolution2D, Convolution3D, UpSampling2D, Copping2D, … and any other 2D or 3D layer). Specifically, it defines where the 'channels' dimension is in the input data.

Both TensorFlow and Theano expects a 4 dimensional tensor as input. But where TensorFlow expects the 'channels' dimension as the last dimension (index 3, where the first is index 0) of the tensor – i.e. tensor with shape (samples, rows, cols, channels) – Theano will expect 'channels' at the second dimension (index 1) – i.e. tensor with shape (samples, channels, rows, cols). The outputs of the convolutional layers will also follow this pattern.

So, the image_dim_ordering parameter, once set in ~/.keras/keras.json, will tell Keras which dimension ordering to use in its convolutional layers.

However, if you like to override the dimension ordering programmatically, you do it by using the

The dim_ordering parameter is available in all the multi-dimensional convolution layers.

Related posts:

image_data_format vs. image_dim_ordering in Keras v2

Related links:

https://keras.io/layers/convolutional/#convolution2d

**dim_ordering**parameter when initializing a convolutional layer:```
model = Sequential()
model.add(Convolution2D(64, 3, 3, border_mode='same', input_shape=(3, 256, 256), dim_ordering='th'))
```

The dim_ordering parameter is available in all the multi-dimensional convolution layers.

Related posts:

image_data_format vs. image_dim_ordering in Keras v2

Related links:

https://keras.io/layers/convolutional/#convolution2d

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"TensorFlow expects the 'channels' dimension to be at index 4 of the tensor – i.e. tensor with shape (samples, rows, cols, channels) – Theano will expect 'channels' at index 1 – i.e. tensor with shape (samples, channels, rows, cols)"

ReplyDeleteAt the risk of sounding pedantic, it seems to me that you're using two different indexing techniques (base 1 and base 0). I believe you mean to say one of the following:

a) TF uses index 4, and Theano uses index 2

b) TF uses index 3, and Theano uses index 1

Yes, you're right. It sounds confusing.

DeleteI have now updated it to (hopefully) make it clear.

Thanks,